Drought is a common event in Iraq’s climate, and the country has severely suffered from drought episodes in the last two decades3. The Iraqi report 2009 issued by the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UNAMI, and IAU office, considered the most important reasons for the successive droughts events in Iraq are the decrease in rainfall rates and the water discharge rates decline of the main rivers in Iraq. Consequently, these lead to reduced groundwater levels, the river flows, and draining water sources (springs, deep, and shallow wells)4. It is well-known that drought has a substantial impact on agricultural sector.
In mid 2022, Mercy Hands conducted a field study to assess the impact of the drought in the agriculture sector in Basrah, Diyala and Salah al-Din Governorates, which are among the Governorates that are affected by drought, hence, affecting the agriculture sector as well.
Read the full survey report: